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Turn on any local TV weather forecast and you can get a map of where skies are blue or cloudy. But for scientists trying to figure out how clouds affect the Earth’s environment, what’s happening inside that shifting cloud cover is critical and hard to see.To investigate the layers and composition of clouds and tiny airborne particles like dust, smoke and other atmospheric aerosols, , scientists at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland have developed an instrument called the Cloud-Aerosol Transport System, or CATS. The instrument, which launches to the International Space Station in December 2014, will explore new technologies that could also be used in future satellite missions.
From space, streaks of white clouds can be seen moving across Earth’s surface. Other tiny solid and liquid particles called aerosols are also being transported around the atmosphere, but these are largely invisible to our eyes. Aerosols are both natural and man-made, and include windblown desert dust, sea salt, smoke from fires, sulfurous particles from volcanic eruptions, and particles from fossil fuel combustion.
Currently, scientists get a broad picture of clouds and air quality conditions in the atmosphere and generate air quality forecasts by combining satellite, aircraft, and ground-based data with sophisticated computer models. However, most datasets do not provide information about the layered structure of clouds and aerosols.
CATS will provide data about aerosols at different levels of the atmosphere. The data are expected to improve scientists’ ability to track different cloud and aerosol types throughout the atmosphere. These datasets will be used to improve strategic and hazard-warning capabilities of events in near real-time, such as tracking plumes from dust storms, volcanic eruptions, and wildfires. The information could also feed into climate models to help understand the effects of clouds and aerosols on Earth’s energy balance.
Clouds and aerosols reflect and absorb energy from the sun in a complex way. For example, when the sun’s energy reaches the top of the atmosphere, clouds can reflect incoming sunlight, cooling Earth’s surface. However, clouds can also absorb heat emitted from Earth and re-radiate it back down, warming the surface. The amount of warming or cooling is heavily dependent on the height, thickness, and structure of clouds in the atmosphere above.
“Clouds are one of the largest uncertainties in predicting climate change,” said Matt McGill, principal investigator and payload developer for CATS at Goddard. “For scientists to create more accurate models of Earth’s current and future climate, they’ll have to include more accurate representations of clouds.”
That’s where a new instrument like CATS comes in. CATS is a lidar – similar to a radar, but instead of sending out sound (sic), lidars use light. CATS will send a laser pulse through the atmosphere towards a distant object like a cloud droplet or aerosol particle. Once the energy reaches the object, some of the energy is reflected back to the lidar receiver. Scientists can calculate the distance between the instrument and the object, based on the time it takes the energy to return to the receiver, thereby determining the altitudes of cloud and aerosol layers. The intensity of this return pulse also allows scientists to infer other properties, such as the composition of clouds, and the abundance and sizes of aerosols,.
In 2006 NASA launched the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations, or CALIPSO, spacecraft—a joint mission between NASA and France’s space agency, the Centre National d’Études Spatiales. CALIPSO carries a lidar that provides vertical distributions and properties of clouds and aerosols along a flight track. However, the CALIPSO lidar has exceeded its three-year prime mission and has been using its backup laser since 2009.
A unique opportunity to continue gathering this type of data presented itself in 2011 when the International Space Station Progam’s NASA Research Office offered scientists at Goddard a mounting location aboard the space station for a new lidar instrument – CATS, and provided the funding for its construction.
Designed to operate for at least six months, CATS has a goal of operating for three years. With beams at three wavelengths (1064, 532, and 355 nanometers), CATS will be used to derive a variety of properties of cloud and aerosol layers. These properties include layer height, layer thickness, and at least coarse information on the type of aerosols and cloud in various atmospheric layers.
CATS will orbit aboard the space station, which flies at an altitude between 230 miles (375 kilometers) and 270 miles (435 kilometers) above Earth’s surface at a 51-degree inclination. This unique orbit path will allow the CATS instrument to observe locations at different times of day and allow scientists to study day-to-night changes in cloud and aerosol effects from space.
Studying clouds and aerosols won’t just help scientists study the climate, it’s also a chance to investigate air quality and how atmospheric particles affect daily life. That can range from volcano ash plumes, to dust storms, to pollution outbreaks, to wildfires, like the California Rim Fire in September 2013 that choked Yosemite National Park during the busy Labor Day weekend. These particles pose health risks to populations, especially to the medically vulnerable, By infusing CATS data directly into aerosol models, data from CATS can make a difference in tracking and responding to impacts of similar events in the future.
For more information about CATS, visit: www.nasa.gov/cats or cats.gsfc.nasa.gov
For more information about the space station, visit: www.nasa.gov/station
Heather Hanson and Kate Ramsayer
NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD
E.L. Rothschild LLC Acquires a Majority Stake in Weather Central, LP
Original video posted on Weather Channel HERE
Sir Evelyn and Lynn Forester de Rothschild’s Firm Sees Opportunity for Growth in Multi-Platform Weather Solutions Company
NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–E.L. Rothschild LLC, a private investment company led by Chairman Sir Evelyn de Rothschild and CEO Lynn Forester de Rothschild, today announced the signing of a definitive agreement to acquire a 70% interest in Weather Central, LP (www.wxc.com). The world’s leading provider of interactive weather graphics and data services for television, web, and mobile, Weather Central’s highly accurate and personalized forecasting offers businesses and consumers a truly unique suite of science-driven weather information products. The company will continue to operate under CEO and founder, Terry Kelly, as well as current management. Financial terms of the acquisition were not disclosed.
Founded in 1974, Weather Central is a global provider of professional on‐air, online, print, mobile, and enterprise weather solutions and forecasting. With 180 employees, including 70 meteorologists, Weather Central provides dynamic weather graphic systems, proprietary forecast models, and dedication to high-quality customer service. Weather Central has secured a leading 46% market share of North America’s weather information delivery market for broadcast and media delivering content to hundreds of millions of viewers. It is the largest provider of broadcast and interactive web weather solutions for media companies in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Weather Central has more than 400 broadcast television clients in 21 countries worldwide. It provides weather forecasts to millions of users daily by distributing real-time personalized forecasts, interactive maps, and storm warnings based on each user’s exact address.
Well-known for its advanced technologies, the company pioneered weather computer graphics systems worldwide and continues to innovate, recently releasing the industry’s first 1km high-resolution forecast data set available on-air, online, and for mobile devices. Weather Central has used its hallmark scientific approach to secure customers that include network-owned and operated television stations, independent television stations, newspapers, websites, and individual businesses and consumers. From its headquarters in Madison, Wisconsin and its regional offices in Hong Kong, Beijing, and Berlin, the company’s systems provide weather to hundreds of millions of viewers through customer installations worldwide, including those in the U.K., Canada, Spain, Brazil, Mexico, and other countries. Weather Central is also the primary provider of weather technology and delivery to broadcast stations in China.
Beyond its core North American and international media operations, Weather Central is also expanding its business for the enterprise, consumer, and mobile markets. The company’s offerings for the B2B segment include precise weather products and solutions for a broad base of customers, including insurance, commodities and energy companies, hedge funds, and governments. Weather Central has also developed an extensive suite of consumer-facing digital products that will launch across online and mobile platforms as part of the company’s MyWeather® brand in the next few months.
CEO of E.L. Rothschild LLC, Lynn Forester de Rothschild, commented on the acquisition, saying: “Weather Central is a world-class company that is number one in its category, with a history of success, a talented team, and a very bright future. Their products, which are the world’s most precise for broadcast, online and mobile forecasting, allow companies and individuals unparalleled insights. Whether designed for an insurance company wanting to alert its customers of an impending hailstorm, a hedge fund trying to monitor agricultural commodities, or a consumer planning a vacation, no one has better information than Weather Central. At E.L. Rothschild, we will use our resources, business experience, and industry insights to build upon Weather Central’s current success, and to develop the company’s escalating international profile in markets like Latin America and India. We will also be focused on enhancing Weather Central’s position as a digital leader in the consumer space.”
Chairman of E.L. Rothschild LLC, Sir Evelyn de Rothschild, added: “As a family, the Rothschilds have always been dedicated to the utmost quality of our products and services. With respect to our investments, we focus on entering into long-term partnerships with people who share our values. As weather becomes more extreme around the planet, with greater human and financial ramifications, we believe that Weather Central will play a major role in mitigating damage and improving lives. This is important to the Rothschilds, as it is to Weather Central. We are proud of our new partnership with them.”
Terry Kelly, Weather Central’s founder and CEO, stated: “Much has changed since we launched Weather Central more than 35 years ago, but our core passion for innovation, customer service, excellence, and vision is stronger than ever. The world today is facing major weather shifts due to climate change, and with an increasingly mobile population, the ability for consumers to obtain highly accurate and personalized information about the weather is more important than ever. With our scientific knowledge and technological edge, we’ve established a business that is top-ranked in the broadcast market. With E.L. Rothschild, the sky is the limit for Weather Central as we look to expand our success internationally and prepare to launch exciting new digital offerings for consumers.”
ABOUT E.L. ROTHSCHILD LLC
E.L. Rothschild LLC is a privately funded family investment company, which was established in 2003 by Sir Evelyn de Rothschild and Lynn Forester de Rothschild to oversee a variety of the Rothschilds’ global investments. The principals have extensive experience investing in and operating businesses in the United States, United Kingdom, Europe, India and South America. E.L. Rothschild LLC employs the strategy of taking a long-term view toward partnership and value creation. The company currently has interests in media, real estate, agriculture and luxury goods, with significant previous positions in financial services, technology and communications.
ABOUT WEATHER CENTRAL, LP
Weather Central, LP was founded in 1974 by Terry Kelly. The company today has an outstanding team of meteorologists, scientists, industry specialists, and creative staff. Based in Madison, Wisconsin, the company is a leading provider of professional on-air, online, print, mobile, and enterprise weather solutions and forecasting in North America and to major customers worldwide. Utilizing the company’s dynamic weather graphics, proprietary precise forecast models and data, and patented technology, more than 1,000 partners and hundreds of millions of consumers worldwide benefit from Weather Central’s attention to superb weather presentation, forecast accuracy and personalization, and continuous customer support.
University Atmospheric Science Curriculums are deliberately programming students to accept aircraft Geoengineering (GE) emissions as normal, water vapor “contrails”.
The University of Victoria, CA provides a daily time-lapse video of the sky from their science building. I was checking Youtube to review the daily videos with regularity to find very few users until I posted a provocative comment about “Chemtrails”.
The UVic’s Youtube moderator came out of the shadows to rudely assert that “chemtrails is a conspiracy theory”. Following several exchanges, the moderator posted a self-made “teaching video” that attempted to normalize the concept of GE emissions as normal water vapor contrails.
In order to continue debate I replied with a Video Response showing several commercial jets spraying bazaar emissions that could not easily be dismissed as water vapor contrails. The moderator replied that he would not post the video. I can only speculate the video was not posted for fear that students would be “corrupted” by watching several passenger aircraft turn their chemical emissions on and off for the high quality telescopic lens.
When I posted a public link to the video, I soon discovered the moderator had removed (censored) it without notice or comment.
THE FACEBOOK FILES
The UVic student network Facebook Page betrays scientific accountability with a channel header image of what NASA calls a “spreading persistent contrail” against a clear blue sky. The details of image acquisition are not posted and there’s no technical explanation as to the atmospheric conditions of near saturated relative humidity that are required before any persistent water vapor contrail can possibly form. In other words:
When relative humidity is low at aircraft flight level any observed persistent contrail is the product of a chemical aerosol – not a water vapor condensation trail or “contrail”
The Wall Photos on the UVic Facebook page serve as indoctrination to normalize questionable atmospheric conditions in the mind of the novice viewer. This Orwellian technique of subliminal normalization of the impossible has become common in the weather products media industry. For example, graphics and propaganda are frequently programmed on the Weather Channel with the least likely explanation promoted as the cause for a punch-hole cloud, for example.
More deception is planned. The “Climate Change” business has become so profitable that the Rothschild’s now own a controlling interest in The Weather Channel.
Even the University of Florida weather channel (WRUF) uses visual deception in their 6-day outlook graphics insidiously depicting long white lines on a blue field behind the data.
University of Victoria Online Presence
University of Victoria Home Page
The facebook page says the “network” is maintained by Ed Wiebe and Andrew Weaver.
Environmental Canada Skywatchers
CTV Feature on Ed Wiebe and Andrew Weaver Project on School Network Weather Stations in Vancouver.
A project that Influences the atmospheric science education of children in 20 schools on Vancouver Island.
As the reporter introduces the feature notice the animated white lines as subliminal images of jet aerosol trails appear on the CTV NEWS graphic.
Commercial Airliners Spray Chemical Aerosols
BRAZEN PROPAGANDA FROM NASA
Clifford E Carnicom – CarnicomInstitute
Oct 22 2004 – Edited Feb 11 2005
The highest levels of the United States government have been used to lie to the American public and the world. These lies have culminated in the conduct of a criminal war, and the harm to civilized society from these actions continues to this day.
History will eventually reveal, if it is truthfully written, that the United States Air Force is party to another set of falsehoods that attempt to conceal the nature of the aerosol operations that are being conducted upon the public without their informed consent. These aerosols have now dramatically altered the very nature of the atmosphere in ways that threaten our existence upon this planet. Examination of the issue strongly indicates a dominating military objective as only one of many aspects of the aerosol campaign. The first tactic of choice by the United States Air Force was an attempt to ridicule the issue by authoritatively declaring it as a “hoax.”
This complicity has forayed into the arena of brazen propaganda, and is being conducted by another arm of United States “authority“, the National Atmospheric and Space Administration (NASA). NASA has recently adopted a public strategy of abusing its position of national and public service by attempting to indoctrinate the citizens, including children, that the aerosol operations are a “normal” and expected consequence of daily life and aircraft. Nothing can be further from the truth, as is also apparent from an honest and thorough examination of the issue.